- Does SMB use Kerberos or NTLM?
- What is the difference between NTLMv1 and NTLMv2?
- What is the difference between NTLM and Kerberos?
- What is NTLMv2?
- What hashing means?
- Does LDAP use NTLM?
- What is Kerberos and how it works?
- What is the difference between LM and NTLM passwords hashes?
- Where is NTLM used?
- How do I enable NTLMv2?
- Why is NTLM not secure?
- How does NTLM work?
- What is NTHash?
- What port does NTLM use?
- Why is Kerberos more secure than NTLM?
Does SMB use Kerberos or NTLM?
Data ONTAP supports Kerberos authentication when creating authenticated SMB sessions.
NTLM client authentication is done using a challenge response protocol based on shared knowledge of a user-specific secret based on a password..
What is the difference between NTLMv1 and NTLMv2?
In NTLMv2, the client adds additional parameters to the server’s challenge such as the client nonce, server nonce, timestamp and username. … In contrast, in NTLMv1, the client only adds the client nonce and the server nonce to the server’s challenge.
What is the difference between NTLM and Kerberos?
The support for mutual authentication is a key difference between Kerberos and NTLM. The NTLM challenge-response mechanism only provides client authentication. … Using NTLM, users might provide their credentials to a bogus server. Kerberos is an open standard.
What is NTLMv2?
NTLMv2, introduced in Windows Server NT 4.0 SP4, is a password-based challenge-response Authentication Mechanism. NTLMv2 is intended as a cryptographically strengthened replacement for NTLMv1.
What hashing means?
Hashing is the process of converting a given key into another value. A hash function is used to generate the new value according to a mathematical algorithm. The result of a hash function is known as a hash value or simply, a hash.
Does LDAP use NTLM?
NTLM: Authentication is the well-known and loved challenge-response authentication mechanism, using NTLM means that you really have no special configuration issues. … It gets tricky because LDAP also includes an extensible authentication framework called SASL that allows alternate authentication protocols to be added.
What is Kerberos and how it works?
Kerberos is a computer network security protocol that authenticates service requests between two or more trusted hosts across an untrusted network, like the internet. It uses secret-key cryptography and a trusted third party for authenticating client-server applications and verifying users’ identities.
What is the difference between LM and NTLM passwords hashes?
The LM hash has a limited character set of only 142 characters, while the NT hash supports almost the entire Unicode character set of 65,536 characters. 3. The NT hash calculates the hash based on the entire password the user entered. The LM hash splits the password into two 7-character chunks, padding as necessary.
Where is NTLM used?
NTLM is still used for computers that are members of a workgroup as well as local authentication. In an Active Directory domain environment, however, Kerberos authentication is preferable. For backward compatibility reasons, Microsoft still supports NTLM.
How do I enable NTLMv2?
Click down to “Local Computer Policy -> Computer Configuration -> Windows Settings -> Security Settings -> Local Policies -> Security Options. Find the policy “Network Security: LAN Manager authentication level”. Right click on this policy and choose “Properties”. Choose “Send NTLMv2 response only/refuse LM & NTLM”.
Why is NTLM not secure?
No Mutual Authentication Unlike Kerberos, when a client authenticates to an active directory server using NTLM, it cannot validate the identity of the server. This means that a malicious actor with man-in-the-middle capabilities could send the client fake/malicious data while impersonating the server.
How does NTLM work?
NTLM uses an encrypted challenge/response protocol to authenticate a user without sending the user’s password over the wire. Instead, the system requesting authentication must perform a calculation that proves it has access to the secured NTLM credentials.
What is NTHash?
NTHash (A.K.A. NTLM) About the hash. This is the way passwords are stored on modern Windows systems, and can be obtained by dumping the SAM database, or using Mimikatz. They are also stored on domain controllers in the NTDS file.
What port does NTLM use?
NT LAN Manager (NTLM) is the default authentication scheme used by the WinLogon process; it uses three ports between the client and domain controller (DC): UDP 137 – UDP 137 (NetBIOS Name) UDP 138 – UDP 138 (NetBIOS Netlogon and Browsing) 1024-65535/TCP – TCP 139 (NetBIOS Session)
Why is Kerberos more secure than NTLM?
Also Kerberos are considered to be more secure than NTLM. … This is because Kerberos is using an authentication ticket and not having to go back to AD with each request. This is more of an issue if the DC is remote from the server. Kerberos is also more secure than the older NTLM protocol.